Function is a code block that executes certain task.


Void Example

A void function doesn't return any value.



Returning Result

Via the return keyword a result can be returned.

Let's have an example in which rectangle's area is calculated by passing arguments about it's sides.



There are couple of things to mark:

  • A functions is defined at lines 5 - 7. It accepts two arguments - widthArg and heightArg.
  • The function calcRectangleArea returns a result.
  • calcRectangleArea is called at line 2.
  • It's returned value is set in the variable area.

Arguments Count Mismatch

If arguments count is mismatched an exception is thrown.

The function calcTrapezoidArea expects 3 arguments but only 2 are passed to it thus exception is thrown.

Default Value

Default value may be specified for function parameters.

Let's look at the following:


At line 5 the function argument is not passed thus it takes the default value - 3 specified at line 7.